imnoise (adding noise to images)

imnoise is used to add noise in images.

Syntax

A = imnoise(I,type)
A = imnoise(I,type,parameters)
A = imnoise(I,'gaussian',M,V)
A = imnoise(I,'localvar',V)
A = imnoise(I,'localvar',image_intensity,var)
A = imnoise(I,'poisson')
A = imnoise(I,'salt & pepper',d)
A = imnoise(I,'speckle',v)
gpuarrayA = imnoise(gpuarrayI,___)

Description

A = imnoise(I,type) adds noise of a given type to the intensity image I. type is a string that specifies any of the following types of noise. Note that certain types of noise support additional parameters. See the related syntax.

Value Description
'gaussian' Gaussian white noise with constant mean and variance
'localvar' Zero-mean Gaussian white noise with an intensity-dependent variance
'poisson' Poisson noise
'salt & pepper' On and off pixels
'speckle' Multiplicative noise

Individual Details

A = imnoise(I,'gaussian',M,V): adds Gaussian white noise of mean m and variance v to the image I. The default is zero mean noise with 0.01 variance.
A = imnoise(I,'localvar',V):adds zero-mean, Gaussian white noise of local variance V to the image I. V is an array of the same size as I.
A = imnoise(I,'localvar',image_intensity,var): adds zero-mean, Gaussian noise to an image I, where the local variance of the noise, var, is a function of the image intensity values in I. The image_intensity and var arguments are vectors of the same size, and plot(image_intensity,var) plots the functional relationship between noise variance and image intensity. The image_intensity vector must contain normalized intensity values ranging from 0 to 1.
A = imnoise(I,'poisson'): generates Poisson noise from the data instead of adding artificial noise to the data. If I is double precision, then input pixel values are interpreted as means of Poisson distributions scaled up by 1e12. For example, if an input pixel has the value 5.5e-12, then the corresponding output pixel will be generated from a Poisson distribution with mean of 5.5 and then scaled back down by 1e12. If I is single precision, the scale factor used is 1e6. If I is uint8 or uint16, then input pixel values are used directly without scaling. For example, if a pixel in a uint8 input has the value 10, then the corresponding output pixel will be generated from a Poisson distribution with mean 10.
A = imnoise(I,'salt & pepper',d): adds salt and pepper noise to the image I, where d is the noise density. This affects approximately d*numel(I) pixels. The default for d is 0.05.
A = imnoise(I,'speckle',v): adds multiplicative noise to the image I, using the equation J = I+n*I, where n is uniformly distributed random noise with mean 0 and variance v. The default for v is 0.04.
gpuarrayA = imnoise(gpuarrayI,___) :adds noise to the gpuArray intensity image gpuarrayI, performing the operation on a GPU. Returns a gpuArray image J of the same class.

Example

a = imread('Desert.jpg');
b = imnoise(a,'gaussian',0.01);

subplot(1,2,1); imshow(a); title('a');
subplot(1,2,2); imshow(b); title('b');

Output

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