A Simple Tree

This example works by building up a series of unconnected nodes (using the DefaultMutableTreeNode class) and then connecting them. As long as we stick to the default classes provided with the tree package, we can build a regular model out of our nodes quite quickly. In this example, we build the model based on an empty root node, and then populate the tree by attaching the other nodes to the root or to each other. You can also build the tree first, and then create the model from the root node. Both methods have the same result. With a valid tree model in place, we can make a real JTree object and display it.

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.tree.*;

public class TestTree extends JFrame {

  JTree tree;
  DefaultTreeModel treeModel;

  public TestTree( ) {
    super("Tree Test Example");
    setSize(400, 300);

  public void init( ) {
    // Build up a bunch of TreeNodes. We use DefaultMutableTreeNode because the
    // DefaultTreeModel can use it to build a complete tree.
    DefaultMutableTreeNode root = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Root");
    DefaultMutableTreeNode subroot = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("SubRoot");
    DefaultMutableTreeNode leaf1 = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Leaf 1");
		DefaultMutableTreeNode leaf2 = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Leaf 2");
    // Build our tree model starting at the root node, and then make a JTree out
    // of it.
    treeModel = new DefaultTreeModel(root);
    tree = new JTree(treeModel);

    // Build the tree up from the nodes we created.
    treeModel.insertNodeInto(subroot, root, 0);
    // Or, more succinctly:

    // Display it.
    getContentPane( ).add(tree, BorderLayout.CENTER);

  public static void main(String args[]) {
    TestTree tt = new TestTree( );
    tt.init( );

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